Monday, January 10, 2011

Obesity: Nature Vs. Nurture

Are there answers to the great obesity debate?

For a long time, there was no question regarding the cause of obesity. It was accepted that people who did not watch what they eat and never got physical exercise were putting themselves at great risk for becoming overweight or obese. And then medical science stepped in, evaluated the various cause of obesity, and found that some people may be genetically disposed to becoming overweight or obese.

So what is the real answer? Is obesity brought on by genetics or what the individual eats and how much exercise he or she gets?


Much ado has been made recently over the finding of what has been politically incorrectly named the "Fat Gene." Supposed to indicate an individual's likelihood to wind up obese, the fat gene is at once a major scientific breakthrough and the cause of heartbreak for everyone found to have inherited this seeming inescapable fate of obesity.

However, this new finding isn't the only known reason for an individual becoming obese. There are a handful of other conditions that normally lead to an individual gaining weight, often to the point of obesity. One of the most common is hypothyroidism. When the thyroid gland in your neck isn't working properly, your body doesn't make enough of a chemical that helps control the amount of energy it uses. As a result, you don't burn enough calories to maintain a healthy weight, making it easy to become overweight or obese.


According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, obesity comes down to a simple formula: bringing more energy into your body than you're burning off over a long period of time. So when you eat more calories than you burn off during the course of a single day, you may not wind up gaining weight. But do this day after day, month after month, year after year, and you will be on the path to weight gain and potentially obesity. Work hard to burn more calories than you eat, and you should be able to maintain a healthy weight.

Regardless of any conditions that may make someone predisposed to weight gain, with enough work, many are able to maintain control of their weight. In fact, research has found that even individuals with the fat gene are given the upper hand against obesity if they're willing to spend 60 minutes a day exercising, and medication for hypothyroidism helps improve the condition and make exercise more effective.

Together at Last

Though nature and nurture put an individual at risk for becoming obese, the combination is a guaranteed recipe for obesity. So if you find yourself living with a condition that puts you at risk for obesity, the fastest way to gain weight is to ignore your condition, eat whatever you want (whenever you want), and never exercise.

Other Gaining Conditions

In addition to hypothyroidism and the "fat gene," the following conditions have also been linked to obesity:

•Brain tumor - specifically, a brain tumor in the part of the brain responsible for controlling your appetite or how much energy your body uses.
•Cushing's syndrome - this is the name for a condition that causes the body to make too any chemicals that are in control of your body's use of sugars and fats.
•Insulinoma - occurs when a pancreatic tumor causes the pancreas to create excessive amounts of insulin, a process that results in more sugar being turned to fat.
•Polycystic ovary syndrome - caused by the growth of cysts in the ovaries, this condition results in women not ovulating on schedule. Whereas the other conditions listed are clearly linked to obesity, researchers are unsure whether this comes first or whether it is caused by obesity.

For more information on developing a proper exercise and nutritional program, feel free to contact me or visit my friends at

Until next time, Live Life Well,

John Aaron Villarreal

The content and information on this site is not intended to diagnose,
cure, treat or prevent disease. Please consult your physician
prior to starting any exercise or diet program.

Friday, January 7, 2011

Green Tea & Fat Oxidation

A human study published in the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition shows findings that a purified extract of green tea may increase energy expenditure and increase fat oxidation by 33%.
The World Health Organization estimates that by 2015, there will be more than 1.5 billion overweight people adding to healthy costs above $117 billion per year. This is just in the US alone.
Green tea has been studied intensely for a little while now and the focus has been on the compound epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG). The three ways they are studying EGCG to help with weight loss is with increased energy metabolism and fat oxidation, inhibit fat cell development, or reduce lipid absorption and increase your fat excretion.
Some scientists have reported that caffeine must also be present for EGCG to be beneficial to weight loss.
Research that was performed in collaboration with researchers from the University of Medicine Berlin confirm that there is a link between caffeine and EGCG. Though they also found that both compounds produce similar effects by themselves.
When tested a daily dose of 300mg of EGCG, which is in each serving of Prograde Metabolism produced a 33% increase in fat oxidation, while a daily dose of 200mg of caffeine also in a single serving of Prograde Metabolism produced a 34.5% increase.
When both compounds were combined the fat oxidation increased by almost 50% according to the scientists.
The results produced with the combination of EGCG and caffeine may be related to the time that each compound remains in the blood stream. EGCG remains in your blood for about 2 hours after ingestion and caffeine remains in your blood stream for about 4 hours.
This is beneficial because it helps with both early and late postprandial fat oxidation. This is also why Prograde Metabolism is suggested to be taken in the morning and then again in the mid-afternoon so that your fat oxidation can be potentially elevated all day long.
Other studies have supported this evidence and Dr. Josh Lambert at Penn State states that human intervention studies indicate that consumption of tea might promote weight loss, help maintain body weight following weight loss and prevent the development of some diseases associated with obesity such as diabetes and fatty liver disease.
Prograde Metabolism was created based off of scientific evidence such as this so that you consume the therapeutic levels needed to increase your fat oxidation and successfully lose weight and keep it off.
Prograde Metabolism contains the same amount of EGCG and caffeine used in this study and other studies that produced a 49% increase in fat oxidation. That means increased weight loss for you. Combined with the other powerful ingredients such as capsaicain and cinnamon Prograde Metabolism is a metabolic powerhouse designed using quantities proven through research such as the research study above to produce successful weight loss.
Grab your bottle today and start producing results seen in this and other proven research studies.
Click Here to Purchase Prograde Metabolism TODAY!!

Until next time - Live Life Well!
John Aaron Villarreal

European Journal of Clinical Nutrition Published online ahead of print, doi: 10.1038/ejcn.2010.47 “Epigallocatechin-3-gallate and postprandial fat oxidation in overweight/obese male volunteers: a pilot study” Authors: F. Thielecke, G. Rahn, J. Böhnke, F. Adams, A.L. Birkenfeld, J. Jordan, M. Boschmann

Wednesday, January 5, 2011

Aging Healthfully

Over the past century, life expectancy has grown tremendously to nearly 80 years of age. This increase has led to a surge in interest on the best methods of maintaining our youth, and age as gracefully & healthfully as possible. This is probably due to the fact that we now die less from infectious disease, and more from chronic, degenerative diseases.
People don’t want to live longer with a poor quality of life; we want to live longer while maintaining a high level of functional capacity and high quality of life. This is where eating a balanced diet rich in real, whole, minimally processed foods, exercising regularly, minimizing stress and supplementing appropriately comes into play.
There is an absolute boatload of information out there on how to maximize your nutrition, exercise to improve your health and steps you can take to minimize stress.
But what about proper supplementation?
Unfortunately there is also a lot of hyperbole and misinformation on supplementation. What foods, extracts or compounds have actually been shown improve your quality of life as you age?
Well a few of these foods are green tea, pomegranates and a compound in red wine called resveratrol. They each have their own uniquely powerful benefits that contribute to your health and help you to maintain your energy and vitality as you age.
Green tea contains some powerful compounds called catechins, with the most studied and most beneficial catechin being epigallocatechin-3-gallate, or EGCG. EGCG makes up about 10-50% of the total catechin content of green tea, and it is 25-100 times more powerful than vitamins C and E!
EGCG has many powerful properties, it may:
• block the mutation of cells
• reduce cell damage
• block the liver enzymes that convert certain compounds into cancer-causing agents
• reduce the damage to blood vessels in smokers
• boost white blood cell counts
• decrease blood pressure
• decrease blood sugar
• help maintain a healthy body-weight
• decrease risk for 7 cancers and counting
Pomegranate is one amazing fruit with tons of health benefits of its own. There was a recent study that looked at 10 different antioxidant-rich beverages, and ranked them according to four different methods of antioxidant capacity and potency: oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC), trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC), 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP), as well as their ability to prevent the oxidation of LDL cholesterol.
After all this data had been taken into account the beverage with the greatest antioxidant capability was pomegranate juice!
Pomegranates may:
• decrease your blood pressure
• slow the progression of prostate, lung and breast cancer
• reduce plaque in the arteries
• increase blood flow to the heart and genitals (a natural Viagra?)
• prevent the deterioration of cartilage
• prevent or slow the progression of Alzheimer’s disease
• contain anti-microbial properties
Resveratrol is another highly studied compound that may help you age more gracefully. In the same study that found pomegranate juice to have the highest total antioxidant capability, red wine and concord grape juice came in 2nd and 3rd respectively. These are the two greatest sources of resveratrol on the planet!
In a recent study done on mice it was found that those given resveratrol for one year had significantly less symptoms of cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, cataracts and decline in motor coordination compared to mice that did not get it. The resveratrol-treated mice also had liver and muscle tissues resembling much younger animals.
Clearly that is one way to age more gracefully!
Other data has found that resveratrol can activate Sirt1, which is a protein that helps to regulate lifespan in several animals. Stimulation of Sirt1 actually seems to slow down the aging process!
To truly maintain your energy and vitality requires a combination of high-quality nutrition, regular exercise, stress management and appropriate supplementation. Consuming a diet that maintains a healthy weight and contains plenty of anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant compounds is essential. As is regular exercise and ensuring plenty of high-quality sleep.
Consistency is also the key to benefitting from these anti-oxidant compounds which is why you see these natural ingredients in supplement form. Using specific supplementation to maximize your ability to neutralize free radicals, decrease inflammation and slow down the aging process seems to be the most effective method for promoting healthy aging. It allows you to be be consistent with consuming these quality anti-aging nutrients so that your body can clearn itself of the damaging free radicals.
Start benefiting today by getting consistent with your very own anti-aging supplement Prograde Longevity. Prograde Longevity contains natural anti-inflammatory compounds like discussed above to help you fight off the free radicals causing damage to your body.
Until next time - Live Life Well,
John Aaron Villarreal

The content and information on this site is not intended to diagnose,
cure, treat or prevent disease. Please consult your physician
prior to starting any exercise or diet program.